Here are some useful cmdlets that I’ve collected over time and keep on hand in my toolbox. I hope they come in handy for you as well:
I’m going to stray off of the beaten path and post a blog regarding an Active Directory DNS issue that I experienced. Although it’s not Exchange server related, I thought this would be worth publishing as I’m sure others have encountered this issue.
We noticed that client DNS records were not getting updated in a timely manner. More specifically, this was occurring primarily with clients that were connecting remotely to the internal network via VPN.
I had a situation where my test environment DAG was offline and not detected. I’m not sure what caused this issue, however the mailbox databases were dismounted and the Content Indexes were in a failed state. This environment has two sites with a single DAG expanding across the sites. One site is active with a single Mailbox server and one CAS/HUB multi-role server. The passive site has the same configuration.
I recently worked on an issue where a client noticed four Archive mailboxes in Outlook with her name. To provide some understanding about the Exchange environment, the servers were running Exchange 2010 SP3 RU5. Also, the users have Outlook 2010 SP1. Although the mailboxes showed her name in the display, they actually belong to her delegates. This was verified by viewing the Archive mailbox folders and their content.
Microsoft introduced the Personal Archives with Exchange 2010. In earlier releases of the product, messages were archived using 3rd party utilities. In addition to eliminating the need for external archiving solutions, this new feature removed the necessity of PST files. Also, since the Exchange Archive is a mailbox, it’s capable of leveraging built-in replication and high availability features within Exchange.
With the introduction of Exchange 2007 came many new features and improvements that help to improve productivity and management: multiple server roles, a 64 bit architecture, built-in high availabilty features (LCR, CCR, SCR and SCC) and Messaging Records Management just to name a few. Another change you will notice is with Email Address Policies (EAPs) and Address Lists.